Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) is a US legislation to prevent tax evasion by US citizens, through the use of offshore accounts. It requires Foreign Financial Institutions (FFIs) to register with US Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and report certain information about US account holders to the IRS, either directly or through the home country tax authority. It also requires Non-Financial Foreign Entities (NFFEs) to disclose the identity of their US owners to the IRS. FATCA imposes a penalty of 30% withholding tax on payments made to non-participating FFIs and recalcitrant account holders, who refuse to participate with the IRS.
The implementation of the FATCA legislation poses signiﬁcant challenges to the banking and ﬁnancial services industry. They include:
FATCA legislation has had enterprise-wide impact on the processes and IT systems of a ﬁnancial enterprise. The applications which require signiﬁcant modiﬁcations to enable the enterprise to comply with FATCA include:
Mindtree’s Capital Markets Center of Excellence (CoE) has been at the forefront of tracking development in FATCA legislation. Our expertise and deep domain knowledge empower us to build custom solutions for ﬁnancial institutions, to comply with FATCA effectively.
Account Identiﬁcation: Enables the ﬁnancial enterprise to identify accounts of US citizens based on US indicia, as mentioned in FATCA rulemaking. This will apply various business rules for identifying reportable accounts, taking into consideration the ones exempted from FATCA.
Aggregation: Assists the ﬁnancial enterprise to link accounts of an individual or entity across different business units. It facilitates this by reference to data elements such as customer name, customer ID and tax identiﬁcation number. This will aggregate the balance or value of accounts held by the person, to determine whether the value is above threshold and the accounts are reportable under FATCA.
Reporting: Generates reports for each FATCA reportable account, as per the requirements of IRS or tax authority of the home country. The reports will vary depending on whether it is a custodial account, depository account, or the account of an investment or insurance entity.
Analytics: Helps incorporate an ETL layer and an analytics framework. These will allow the ﬁnancial services enterprise to conduct effective analysis of account holding patterns and their FATCA compliance status.
Our IT services to a ﬁnancial services enterprise for FATCA compliance include:
Most regulatory projects come with ambiguities in requirements, tight timelines, customer risk and fear of penalties. We work closely with our customers to mitigate these risks. Some of our key differentiators include: