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Artificial intelligence–What is so 'artificial' about it?

Despite all the technological progress we have made, the human brain continues to be the most powerful computer.

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

Are you intrigued by the sheer ease with which Facebook tags your friends and family when you post a photo? Or how Apple’s Siri, Amazon’s Alexa & Microsoft’s Cortana help you find information, give you direction and add events to your calendar? How does Outlook know that some emails should go into your Clutter folder when you never marked them as spam? All these are powered by Artificial Intelligence technologies. But what is AI after all?

Despite all the technological progress we have made, the human brain continues to be the most powerful computer. Intelligence is a combination of learning, logical reasoning, problem-solving, perception, understanding languages and the ability to communicate using these languages. The human brain can do all of these using a fraction of a typical computer’s resources, and with a tiny amount of power. For decades, computer scientists have pursued the goal of making machines more intelligent, by trying to impart these attributes of the human brain to them and AI is the end product of these relentless efforts.

Why should we care? From the time we wake up to the time we go to bed, AI is already entrenched in most aspects of our personal and professional lives. Here are just a few examples of a far longer list: