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In an era when smartphones have been on the rise, the urge to know more about the operating system of the phone and the advantages or shortcomings over others is inevitable. While traditionally being dominated by the iOS and the Androids, more and more operating systems are being pumped into the marketplace.

Why then would corporations like Samsung really look forward towards backing up new operating systems? Is it probably to just create a USP and reduce the dependency on manufacturers like Google? Google’s acquisition of Motorola and the proposed release of the new Moto X phone may have actively fueled this race for existence/ dominance in the marketplace.

Here’s an initial look at some of the new operating systems that might hit the market in the days to come

Operating System App Dev. Technology Target Devices Backed By Highlights
Firefox OS HTML5 Smartphones, Tablets Alcatel, ZTE, KDDI, LG, etc. Supports only Web technologies.
Prototypes released by Alcatel and ZTE. Sony and Huawei to follow
SailFish QT/HTML Smartphones, Tablets Jolla,
SailFish alliance
Android runtime, may support Cordova and Firefox APIs
Tizen HTML5, Native Smartphones, Tablets, smart TVs, in-vehicle infotainment devices, Samsung, Intel, etc.
Ubuntu HTML5, Native using OpenGL and QML, C/C++, compiled JavaScript Smartphones, Tablets Canonical

Interestingly, html5 has been supported by almost all the operating systems. What we are about to see is if these new operating systems like Tizen, Sailfish, Firefox OS and Ubuntu enter and create a niche for themselves. Or will they fade away like the Symbian or Bada?

Factors that will play a role in the adoption of these operating systems will be

  1. Technology inclination
  2. Cross platform compatibility
  3. Application store availability
  4. User experience
  5. Differentiation from the existing OS

Samsung, a heavy user of the current Android family has backed both Tizen and Intel and also plans to develop a new firefox browser along with firefox, which could be the new concept behind the firefox OS. With the lack of reference devices, any new app developers will have to wait. How are marketers going to position them when the primary goal of most of the users is to make calls and send messages?

With too many open questions to ponder on, it will be too difficult to predict the future of these operating systems. We need to wait and watch for the developments happening in this area. Meanwhile, please feel free to share your comments.

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